In contrast to the leap of faith required by many other holy sites around
the Sea of Galilee, in Capernaum there were clear and dramatic remnants of an
ancient town that had at least visual plausibility of being what they were
asserted to be.
In Jesus' time, Kfar Nahum was a thriving town of merchants and fishermen.
The apostle Peter lived there and Jesus established the base of his ministry
there (Matthew 4), although he would also curse the city for not heeding his
message (Matthew 11). Seems that ambivalent feelings about cities are not
limited to present-day New Yorkers.
The House of St. Peter is a modernist octagonal structure built over the
outline of a Byzantine basilica, which, in turn, was built over ruins
attributed to the home of the apostle Peter, that may include a room where
The adjacent remnants of a synagogue probably dates from the late Byzantine
period (4th-5th centuries CE). Although this follows Jesus death by many years,
reuse of consecrated ground was common, so the synagogue where Jesus taught may
have been on this site. The remnants of an earlier structure exposed in an
excavation on the synagogue's southeastern corner may date from Jesus'