# 2012 and 2016 State-Level Presidential Election Data

This data set contains selected state-level election results from the 2012 and 2016 US presidential elections.

## Geographical Data

- State Name: The name of the state
- State Abbreviation: US Postal Service two-letter state abbreviation
- American Factfinder GEOID: Identifier that can be used to join data from the American Factfinder
- Latitude: Latitude of the state's centroid from the CDC
- Longitude: Longitude of the state's centroid from the CDC

## 2012 Election Results

Associated Press and Politico. 2012. "Election results 2012 by state and county." https://www.politico.com/story/2012/11/election-results-2012-by-state-083320.

- 2012 Winner: Obama or Romney
- 2012 Democratic Votes: Number of votes for Obama
- 2012 Democratic Percent: Percent of votes for Obama
- 2012 GOP Votes: Number of votes for Romney
- 2012 GOP Percent: Percent of votes for Romney

## 2016 Election Results

Associated Press and Politico. 2016. "2016 Presidential Election Results." https://www.politico.com/2016-election/results/map/president/.

- 2016 Winner: Clinton or Trump
- 2016 Democratic Votes: Number of votes for Clinton
- 2016 Democratic Percent: Percent of votes for Clinton
- 2016 GOP Votes: Number of votes for Trump
- 2016 GOP Percent: Percent of votes for Trump

Calculated values:

- 2012-2016 % Change Democratic: Percent change in Democratic vote in 2016 compared to 2012
- 2012-2016 % Change Republican: Percent change in Republican vote in 2016 compared to 2012
- 2016 Governor Party: Party of the Governor of the state on the date of the election 8 November 2016

## Population

U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. 2016. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016." Accessed 2 February 2019. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest.html.

Population estimates as of July 1:

- 2012 Population
- 2016 Population
- 2012 Population Percent: State population as a percentage of total state population in 2012
- 2016 Population Percent: State population as a percentage of total state population in 2016
- 2012-2016 Population Change Percent

## Representation

- 2016 Electoral College Votes: Number of electoral college votes for each state
- 2016 Electoral College Percent: Percent of total electoral college votes held by each state
- 2016 Electoral College Overrepresentation: In 2016, if the electoral college was directly representative of the US population, each of the elector would have represented 323,127,513 / 538 = 600609 persons. This is the percentage that a state's electoral college delegation over- or under-represents their population, where zero would be proportionate representation and 100 would be double the number of proportional electors, and -100 would be half the number of proportional electors
- 2016 Senate Overrepresentation: In 2016, if the senate was directly representative of the US population, each senator would represent 323,127,513 / 100 = 3,231,275 persons. This is the percentage that a state's senate delegation over- or under-represents their population, where zero would be proportionate representation and 100 would be double the number of proportional senators, and -100 would be half the number of proportional senators