St. Peter in Gallicantu

31.771,+35.232

Saint Peter in Gallicantu is a Roman Catholic church on the eastern slope of Mount Zion. It is the traditional location of the palace of Caiaphas, the High Priest who convicted Jesus. Accordingly, it is also noted as the site of the apostle Peter's triple denial of Jesus, marked by a rooster crow (Matthew 26:74). The church that was present when we visited was built in 1931 on the site of a Crusader-era church from 1102 and a Byzantine shrine built in 457.

The lower levels of the church incorporate caves from the Byzantine days and a group of earlier crypts that may have been where Jesus was held during his arrest. The area north of the church features ruins of the Byzantine chapel and a staircase down to the Kidron Valley is traditionally cited as the path followed by Jesus down to Gethsemane (Matthew 26, Mark 14).

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St. Peter in Gallicantu
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Walking down to the monastery
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Walking down to the monastery
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St. Peter in Gallicantu
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East Jerusalem
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South wall of old city
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Guard station
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Rooster
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Solar water heaters
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Security wall
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Old Jerusalem map
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Pathway
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Trial before Caiphus mosaic
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Sanctuary entrance
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Sanctuary
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Stained glass window
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Byzantine mosaic
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Byzantine mosaic
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Byzantine mosaic
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Stair to chapel
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Looking at Byzantine crosses
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Byzantine crosses
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Byzantine crosses
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Readings
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Chapel
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Denial
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Stair to caves
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Cave layout
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Caves
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Caves
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Caves
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Caves
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Sacred pit
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Sacred pit
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Underground caves sign
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Stair to pit
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Sacred pit
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Pope Pius XI - 1924
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Byzantine church ruins
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Byzantine church ruins
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Byzantine church ruins
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Byzantine church ruins
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Byzantine church ruins
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Byzantine church ruins
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Byzantine church ruins
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Byzantine church ruins
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Mosaic inscription
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Byzantine mosaic
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Denial statue
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Looking north at the old city
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Ancient staircase to Kidron valley
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Ancient staircase to Kidron valley
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Ancient staircase to Kidron valley
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Ancient staircase to Kidron valley
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Bas relief of Jesus descending staircase
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Modern staircase back to the upper level
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Kidron valley