The Hot 5 and Hot 7 (1925 - 1928)

After dazzling New York with a swinging style bred in New Orleans and honed in the jazz hotbed of Chicago, Armstrong was "encouraged" to return to the Windy City by his wife, Lillian, who hustled to keep her husband busy in clubs throughout the city. Immediately, a talented line-up was corralled to create The Hot Five, a combo that -- though it was basically an all-star studio aggregation that only played two small promotional performances -- produced a series of recordings that stand as the Rosetta Stone of jazz.

With Kid Ory on trombone, Johnny Dodds on clarinet, Johnny St. Cyr on banjo, Lil Armstrong herself on piano, and Louis Armstrong fronting on cornet, The Hot Five was a virtual all-star band. With this group, Louis rose to the very pinnacle of the jazz world, gathering universal recognition with his groundbreaking horn solos and steadily gaining strength as a singer.

There is some question about whether Armstrong played cornet or trumpet on many of the Hot Five sessions. The session info given on the JSP box set of Hot Fives/Sevens (remastered by John R.T. Davies with liner notes by Charles Fox) indicates that Armstrong played cornet on the early Hot Five sessions and moved to trumpet in June of 1928 after Lil Armstrong was replaced by Earl Hines. However, historian Rainer Blum believes that Armstrong made a largely permanent switch when he joined the Fletcher Henderson band in September 1924 and points to the widely disseminated promo photo of the Hot Five (with Lil Armstrong) where he is clearly holding a trumpet. However, it is entirely possible that Armstrong chose different instruments for different situations and in the absence of more definitive documentation, the info here defers to the JSP liner notes.

The personnel of the Hot Five fluctuated throughout it's brief existence. The occasional addition of drums made it a Hot Six and a bass made it a Hot Seven. Armstrong also stayed busy recording in similar small groups behind a number of blues singers during this period. Along with the fact that the groups recorded under a number of different names for different labels, deciding what constitutes a legitimate Hot Whatever record can be an abstract endeavor in some situations.

As the 20's reached their closure, Louis and Lil became more distanced; she was finally replaced by the great Earl Hines on piano and there was little reason for Armstrong to remain in Chicago. In 1929, Armstrong returned to New York, this time with his reputation as the world's pre-eminent jazzman secured. As the stock market crashed and the nation careened toward Depression, Louis Armstrong rose to become the ebony champion of the pop music arena.

Louis Armstrong And His Hot Five
November 12, 1925, Chicago, Illinois

My Heart (Hardin, Lil) [master 9484-A] -- OKeh 8320
Yes! I'm In The Barrel (Armstrong, Louis) [master 9485-A] -- OKeh 8261
Gut Bucket Blues (Armstrong, Louis) [master 9486-A] -- OKeh 8261

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Ory, Kid (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo)

A new era in the young history of jazz begins with this, the first session of the Hot Fives. For the next three years, the face of American music will be wiped clean and re-formed in the shape of Armstrong's New Orleans/New York/Chicago hybrid of jazz/pop -- all starting here with this historic session. Two Armstrong-written tunes make their way onto the first Hot Five record; the third number, by Mrs. Armstrong, is held in reserve for the next session -- following a three-month delay in recordings. To form this seminal combo, Lil and Louis raid a rich cache of former King Oliver mates to snag Dodds and St. Cyr.

Louis Armstrong And His Hot Five
February 22, 1926, Chicago, Illinois

Come Back, Sweet Papa (Barbarin; Russell) [master 9503-A] -- OKeh 8318

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Ory, Kid (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet, Alto Saxophone)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo)

Another track held back briefly for release. A furious resumption of recording after a three-month hiatus, with six sessions in a matter of two weeks.

Bertha "Chippie" Hill
February 23-24, 1926, Chicago, Illinois

Lonesome, All Alone And Blue (Jones, Richard M.) [master 9509-A] -- OKeh 8339
Trouble In Mind (Jones, Richard M.) [master 9510-A] -- OKeh 8312
A Georgia Man (Jones, Richard M.) [master 9511-A] -- OKeh 8312

Hill, Bertha "Chippie" (Vocal)
Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Jones, Richard M. (Piano)

Baby Mack
February 23, 1926, Chicago, Illinois

You've Got To Go Home On Time (Jones, Richard M.) [master 9512-A] -- Okeh 8313
What Kind O' Man Is That? (Jones, Richard M.) [master 9513-A] -- Okeh 8313

Mack, Baby (Vocal)
Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Jones, Richard M. (Piano)

Hociel Thomas
February 24, 1926, Chicago, Illinois

Deep Water Blues (Thomas) [master 9519-A] -- OKeh 8297
G'wan, I Told You (Blair; Lethwick) [master 9520-A] -- Okeh 8346
Listen To Ma (Thomas) [master 9521-A] -- Okeh 8346
Lonesome Hours (Thomas) [master 9522-A] -- Okeh 8297

Thomas, Hociel (Vocal)
Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Thomas, Hersal (Piano)

Hill and Thomas again benefit from collaboration with Louis.

Louis Armstrong And His Hot Five
February 26, 1926, Chicago, Illinois

Georgia Grind (Williams, A.) [master 9533-A] -- OKeh 8318
Heebie Jeebies (Atkins, B.) [master 9534-A] -- OKeh 8300
Cornet Chop Suey (Armstrong, Louis) [master 9535-A] -- OKeh 8320
Oriental Strut (St. Cyr, Johnny) [master 9536-A] -- OKeh 8299
You're Next (Armstrong, Louis) [master 9537-A] -- OKeh 8299
Muskrat Ramble (Ory, Edward; Gilbert, Roy) [master 9538-A] -- OKeh 8300

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet, Vocal)
Ory, Kid (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet, Alto Saxophone)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano, Vocal)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo)

This set of great recordings includes Louis' first genuine vocal performances on GEORGIA GRIND and HEEBIE JEEBIES. Wife Lil also does vocal work on GEORGIA GRIND. Following this day's work, four two-sided discs are ready for release. ORIENTAL STRUT/YOU'RE NEXT and MUSKRAT RAMBLE/HEEBIE JEEBIES are given consecutive release numbers by OKeh; GEORGIA GRIND is paired with COME BACK, SWEET PAPA (from February 22); and CORNET CHOP SUEY finds its mate with MY HEART, recorded back in November. This group of songs includes some truly landmark recordings, especially Kid Ory's MUSKRAT RAMBLE, which immediately takes its place as a jazz standard.

Sippie Wallace
March 1-3, 1926, Chicago, Illinois

A Jealous Woman Like Me (Thomas, Hersal) [master 9546-A] -- OKeh 8301
Special Delivery Blues (Wallace, Sippie) [master 9547-A] -- OKeh 8328
Jack O'diamond Blues (Wallace, Sippie) [master 9548-A] -- OKeh 8328

Wallace, Sippie (Vocal)
Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Thomas, Hersal (Piano)

Sippie Wallace
March 3, 1926, Chicago, Illinois

The Mail Train Blues (Blair; Lethwick) [master 9559-A] -- OKeh 8345
I Feel Good (Thomas, Hersal) [master 9560-A] -- OKeh 8345
A Man For Every Day Of The Week (Thomas, Hersal) [master 9561-A] -- OKeh 8301

Wallace, Sippie (Vocal)
Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Thomas, Hersal (Piano)

Lillian Armstrong's Serenaders
April 20, 1926, Chicago, Illinois

After I Say I'm Sorry (Armstrong?, Lil) [master C-168] -- Vocalion unreleased
After I Say I'm Sorry (Armstrong?, Lil) [master C-169] -- Vocalion unreleased
Georgia Bo Bo (Trent, Jo; Waller, Thomas) [master C-170] -- Vocalion unreleased
Georgia Bo Bo (Trent, Jo; Waller, Thomas) [master C-171] -- Vocalion unreleased

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet, Vocal)
Ory, Kid (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano, Vocal)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo)

A rejected session for Vocalion, that will be redone a month later as "Lill's Hot Shots". The personnel listed for this session is speculative.

Erskine Tate's Vendrome Orchestra
May 28, 1926, Chicago, Illinois

Static Strut (Yellen, Jack; Wall, Phil) [master C336] -- Vocalion 1027
Stomp Off, Let's Go (Schoebel, Elmer) [master C337] -- Vocalion 1027
Stomp Off, Let's Go (Schoebel, Elmer) [master C338] -- Vocalion 1027

Tate, Erskine (Leader, Banjo (?))
Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet)
Tate, James (Trumpet)
Atkins, Eddie (Trombone)
Fernandez, Angelo (Clarinet, Alto Saxophone)
Evans, Stump (Alto Saxophone, Baritone Saxophone)
Morton, Norval (Tenor Saxophone)
Weatherford, Teddy (Piano)
Unknown (Piano)
Etheridge, Frank (Banjo)
Hare, John (Tuba)
Bertran, Jimmy (Drums, Washboard)

Lill's Hot Shots
May 28, 1926, Chicago, Illinois

Georgia Bo Bo (Trent, Jo; Waller, Thomas) [master C340] -- Vocalion 1037
Drop That Sack (Armstrong, Louis) [master C341] -- Vocalion 1037
Drop That Sack (Armstrong, Louis) [master C342] -- Vocalion 1037

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet, Vocal)
Ory, Kid (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo)

Louis has a vocal on GEORGIA BO BO

Nolan Welsh
June 16, 1926, Chicago, Illinois

The Bridwell Blues (Welsh, Nolan; Jones, Richard) [master 9727-A] -- OKeh 8372
St. Peter Blues (Welsh, Nolan; Jones, Richard) [master 9728-A] -- OKeh 8372

Welsh, Nolan (Vocal)
Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Jones, Richard M. (Piano)

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five
June 16, 1926, Chicago, Illinois

Don't Forget To Mess Around (Barbarin, P.; Armstrong, Louis) [master 9729-A] -- OKeh 8343
I'm Gonna Gitcha (Hardin, Lil) [master 9730-A] -- OKeh 8343
Droppin' Shucks (Hardin, Lil) [master 9731-A] -- OKeh 8357
Who'sit (Jones) [master 9732-A] -- OKeh 8357

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet, Vocal)
Ory, Kid (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo)

Butterbeans and Susie
June 18, 1926, Chicago, Illinois

He Likes It Slow (Overstreet) [master 9750-A] -- OKeh 8355

Edwards, Joe and Susie (Butterbeans and Susie) (Vocal)
Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Ory, Kid (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo)

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five
June 23, 1926, Chicago, Illinois

King Of The Zulus (Hardin, Lil) [master 9776-A] -- OKeh 8396
Big Fat Ma And Skinny Pa (Jones, R.M.) [master 9777-A] -- OKeh 8379
Lonesome Blues (Hardin, Lil) [master 9778-A] -- OKeh 8396
Sweet Little Papa (Ory, Edward) [master 9779-A] -- OKeh 8379

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet, Vocal)
Babcock, Clarence (Vocal)
Ory, Kid (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo)

Armstrong has vocals on BIG FAT MA and LONESOME BLUES, and speech on KING OF THE ZULUS. Clarence Babcock has speech on KING OF THE ZULUS and BIG FAT MA

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five
November 16, 1926, Chicago, Illinois

Jazz Lips (Hardin, Lil; Armstrong, Louis; Robbin, S.) [master 9890-A] -- OKeh 8436
Skid-Dat-De-Dat (Hardin, Lil) [master 9891-A] -- OKeh 8436

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet, Vocal)
Ory, Kid (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo)

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five
November 16, 1926, Chicago, Illinois

Big Butter And Egg Man (Venable, P.; Armstrong, Louis) [master 9892-A] -- OKeh 8423
Sunset Cafe Stomp (Venable, P.; Armstrong, Louis) [master 9893-A] -- OKeh 8423

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet, Vocal)
Alix, May (Vocal)
Ory, Kid (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo)

Bertha "Chippie" Hill
November 23-26, 1926, Chicago, Illinois

Pleadin' For The Blues (Hill, Bertha; Jones, Richard M.) [master 9949-A] -- OKeh 8420
Pratt City Blues (Hill, Bertha; Jones, Richard M.) [master 9950-A] -- OKeh 8420
Mess, Katie, Mess (Kapp; Eller) [master 9951-A] -- OKeh 8437

Hill, Chippie (Vocal)
Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Jones, Richard M. (Piano)

Bertha "Chippie" Hill
November 26, 1926, Chicago, Illinois

Lovesick Blues (Mills; Friend) [master 9971-A] -- OKeh 8453
Lonesome Weary Blues (Jones, Richard M.) [master 9972-A] -- OKeh 8453

Hill, Chippie (Vocal)
Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Jones, Richard M. (Piano)

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five
November 27, 1926, Chicago, Illinois

You Made Me Love You (Venable, P.; Armstrong, Louis) [master 9980-A] -- OKeh 8447
Irish Black Bottom (Venable, P.; Armstrong, Louis) [master 9981-A] -- OKeh 8447
Leave Mine Alone (Venable, P.; Armstrong?, Louis) [master 9982-A] -- OKeh rejected

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet, Vocal)
Clark, Henry (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo)

Jimmy Bertrand's Washboard Wizards
April 21, 1927, Chicago, IL

Easy Come, Easy Go Blues (Bergere, Roy) [master C-783] -- Vocalion 1100
Blues Stampede (Mills, Irving) [master C-785] -- Vocalion 1100
I'm Goin' Huntin' (Johnson, J.C.; Waller, Thomas) [master C-787] -- Vocalion 1099
If You Wanna Be My Sugar Papa (You Gotta Be Sweet To Me) (Wayne, A.; Mills, Irving; Schaffer, Bob) [master C-789] -- Vocalion 1099

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Blythe, Jimmy (Piano)
Bertrand, Jimmy (Washboard)

Johnny Dodd's Black Bottom Stompers
April 22, 1927, Chicago, IL

Weary Blues (Matthews, Artie) [master C-792] -- Vocalion 15632
New Orleans Stomp (Hardin, Lil; Armstrong, Louis) [master C-794] -- Vocalion 15632
Wild Man Blues (Armstrong, Louis; Morton, Ferd "Jelly Roll") [master C-796] -- Brunswick 3567
Wild Man Blues (Armstrong, Louis; Morton, Ferd "Jelly Roll") [master C-797] -- Brunswick 3567
Melancholy (Bloom, Marty; Melrose, Walter) [master C-798] -- Brunswick 3567
Melancholy (Bloom, Marty; Melrose, Walter) [master C-799] -- Brunswick 3567

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Palmer, Roy (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Bigard, Barney (Tenor Saxophone)
Hines, Earl (Piano)
Scott, Bud (Banjo)
Dodds, Baby (Drums)

Sippie Wallace
May 6, 1927, Chicago, IL

Dead Drunk Blues (Thomas, Hersal) [master 80837-A] -- OKeh 8499
Have You Ever Been Down (Thomas, Hersal) [master 80838-B] -- OKeh 8499
Lazy Man Blues (Thomas, Hersal) [master 80839-B] -- OKeh 8470
The Flood Blues (Grainger) [master 80840-B] -- OKeh 8470

Wallace, Sippie (Piano, Vocal)
Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Starks, Artie (Clarinet)
Scott, Bud (Guitar (on Flood Blues))

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Seven
May 7, 1927, Chicago, IL

Willie The Weeper (Melrose, W.; Rymal, G.D.; Bloom, M.) [master W.80847-C] -- OKeh 8482
Wild Man Blues (Armstrong, Louis; Morton, Ferd "Jelly Roll") [master W.80848-C] -- OKeh 8474

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Thomas, John (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo)
Briggs, Pete (Tuba)
Dodds, Baby (Drums)

Nearly half a year after their last "Hot Five" session, Louis Armstrong's combo makes a triumphal return to the OKeh studio, where 11 numbers will be cut in the course of a week. With the addition of a tuba and drums, the Hot Five become the Hot Seven. Baby Dodds, another King Oliver alumnus, makes his Hot Seven debut. Armstrong's recordings from this point forward also have considerably better fidelity than the 1926 Hot Five recordings. Supposedly, all of the Hot Five recordings were recorded using the new, higher-fidelity electronic process rather than the old acoustic process that mars recordings prior to the mid 1920s. However, the noticable improvement in quality from this point forward suggests that perhaps OKeh adopted the electronic process in late 1926 after the initial set of Hot Fives were recorded.

Louis Armstrong and His Stompers
May 9, 1927, Chicago, IL

Chicago Breakdown (Morton, J.) [master W.80851-C] -- Columbia 36376

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Wilson, Bill (Cornet)
Dutrey, Honore (Trombone)
Atkins, Boyd (Clarinet, Alto Saxophone, Soprano Saxophone)
Walker, Joe (Alto Saxophone, Baritone Saxophone)
Washington, Albert (Tenor Saxophone)
Hines, Earl (Piano)
Bassett, Rip (Banjo, Guitar)
Briggs, Pete (Tuba)
Hall, Tubby (Drums)

The first Armstrong big band.

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Seven
May 10, 1927, Chicago, IL

Alligator Crawl (Waller, Thomas; Razaf, Andy) [master W.80854-B] -- OKeh 8482
Potato Head Blues (Armstrong, Louis) [master W.80855-C] -- OKeh 8503

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Thomas, John (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo, Guitar)
Briggs, Pete (Tuba)
Dodds, Baby (Drums)

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Seven
May 11, 1927, Chicago, IL

Melancholy Blues (Bloom, Marty; Melrose, Walter) [master W.80862-A] -- OKeh 8496
Weary Blues (Matthews, Artie) [master W.80863-A] -- OKeh 8519
Twelfth Street Rag (Bowman, Euday) [master W.80864-A] -- Columbia 35663

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Thomas, John (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo, Guitar)
Briggs, Pete (Tuba)
Dodds, Baby (Drums)

With the addition of a tuba and drums, the Hot Five become the Hot Seven. This is the first of four sessions finish off the set of recordings begun on May 7, and also represent the extent of the "Hot Seven" records: WILD MAN BLUES/GULLY LOW BLUES, WILLIE THE WEEPER/ALLIGATOR CRAWL, MELANCHOLY/KEYHOLE BLUES, POTATO HEAD BLUES/PUT 'EM DOWN BLUES (recorded 9/2/27), and WEARY BLUES/THAT'S WHEN I'LL COME BACK TO YOU. The other two numbers -- S.O.L. BLUES and TWELFTH STREET RAG -- were filed away until their eventual Columbia release in 1940.

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Seven
May 13, 1927, Chicago, IL

Keyhole Blues (Wilson, Wesley (?)) [master W.80876-A] -- OKeh 8496
S.O.L. Blues (Armstrong, Louis) [master W.81126-B] -- Columbia 35661

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet, Vocal)
Thomas, John (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo, Guitar)
Briggs, Pete (Tuba)
Dodds, Baby (Drums)

Dick Baker notes that the exact authorship of Keyhole Blues is a matter of some debate. Rick Riccardi asserts the song was written by Wesley Wilson, who had worked with Armstrong in Fletcher Henderson's band and who also made a recording of a Keyhole Blues the following year that bears almost no resemblance to the Armstrong recording. The OKeh and Vocalion releases list no writer and the Columbia 20028 release credits "W. Wilson." The Columbia Hot Fives/Sevens CD set credits "N. Wilson." The ASCAP database cites Wesley Wilson as the author with Armstrong as the sole associated performer, although Baker made a search of the Library of Congress copyright books for 1926-1929 and could not find confirmation that the song was ever copywritten. But as was so often the case, regardless of the original writer, Armstrong and his merry band made every recording a unique and distinctive creation.

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Seven
May 14, 1927, Chicago, IL

Gully Low Blues (Armstrong, Louis) [master W.80877-D] -- OKeh 8474

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Thomas, John (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo, Guitar)
Briggs, Pete (Tuba)
Dodds, Baby (Drums)

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Seven
May 14, 1927, Chicago, IL

That's When I'll Come Back To You (Biggs, F.) [master W.80884-B] -- OKeh 8519

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet, Vocal)
Thomas, John (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano, Vocal)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo, Guitar)
Briggs, Pete (Tuba)
Dodds, Baby (Drums)

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five
September 2, 1927, Chicago, IL

Put 'em Down Blues (Bennett, E.) [master W.81302-B] -- OKeh 8503
     Armstrong, Louis (Vocal)
Ory's Creole Trombone (Ory, Edward) [master W.81310-D] -- Columbia 35838

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Ory, Kid (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo, Guitar)

Back to the Hot Five ensemble.

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five
September 6, 1927, Chicago, IL

The Last Time (Ewing; Martin) [master W.81317-A] -- Columbia 35838

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet, Vocal)
Ory, Kid (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo, Guitar)

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five
December 9, 1927, Chicago, IL

Struttin' With Some Barbecue (Hardin, Lil) [master W.82037-B] -- OKeh 8566
Got No Blues (Hardin, Lil) [master W.82038-B] -- OKeh 8551

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet)
Ory, Kid (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo, Guitar)

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five
December 10, 1927, Chicago, IL

Once In A While (Butler, W.) [master W.82039-B] -- OKeh 8566
I'm Not Rough (Hardin, Lil; Armstrong, Louis) [master W.82040-B] -- OKeh 8551
     Johnson, Lonnie (Guitar)

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet, Vocal)
Ory, Kid (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo, Guitar)

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five
December 13, 1927, Chicago, IL

Hotter Than That (Hardin, Lil) [master W.82055-B] -- OKeh 8535
Savoy Blues (Ory, Edward) [master W.82056-A] -- OKeh 8535

Armstrong, Louis (Cornet, Vocal)
Ory, Kid (Trombone)
Dodds, Johnny (Clarinet)
Armstrong, Lil Hardin (Piano)
St. Cyr, Johnny (Banjo, Guitar)
Johnson, Lonnie (Guitar)

This is the final recording session with the "classic" Hot Five lineup (plus Lonnie Johnson). Hereafter, the "Hot Five" would be whoever Armstrong happened to be recording with.

Lillie Delk Christian with Louis Armstrong and His Hot Four
June 26, 1928, Chicago, IL

You're A Real Sweetheart (Caesar; Friend) [master 400954-B] -- OKeh 8607
Was It A Dream? (Coslow; Spier) [master 400956-A] -- OKeh 8596
Too Busy (Miller; Cohn) [master 400955-B] -- OKeh 8596
Last Night I Dreamed You Kissed Me (Kahn; Lombardo) [master 400957-A] -- OKeh 8607

Christian, Lillie Delk (Vocal)
Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet)
Noone, Jimmy (Clarinet)
Hines, Earl (Piano)
Carr, Mancy (Banjo)

A dry run for the new Hot Five ensemble, which will enjoy their own first session the following day.

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five
June 27, 1928, Chicago, IL

Fireworks (Williams, Spencer) [master W.400960-B] -- OKeh 8597
Skip The Gutter (Williams, Spencer) [master W.400961-A] -- OKeh 8631
A Monday Date (Hines, Earl) [master W.400962-B] -- OKeh 8609

Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet, Vocal)
Robinson, Fred (Trombone)
Strong, Jimmy (Clarinet, Tenor Saxophone)
Hines, Earl (Piano)
Carr, Mancy (Banjo)
Singleton, Zutty (Drums)

Louis moves forward on his own without wife Lil -- whose presence is still ironically strong, with three compositions on the docket. An entirely new alignment appears on these discs, with the Hot Five being reality a Hot Six. OKeh ends up with no fewer than four records from these sessions: FIREWORKS/WEST END BLUES; A MONDAY DATE/SUGAR FOOT STOMP; SKIP THE GUTTER/KNEE DROPS; and TWO DEUCES/SQUEEZE ME.

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five
June 28, 1928, Chicago, IL

Don't Jive Me (Hardin, Lil) [master W.400966-C] -- Columbia 36376
West End Blues (Oliver, Joe) [master W.400967-B] -- OKeh 8597
Sugar Foot Strut (Pierce, B.; Myers, H.; Schwab, C.) [master W.400968-B] -- OKeh 8609

Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet, Vocal)
Robinson, Fred (Trombone)
Strong, Jimmy (Clarinet, Tenor Saxophone)
Hines, Earl (Piano)
Carr, Mancy (Banjo)
Singleton, Zutty (Drums)

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five
June 29, 1928, Chicago, IL

Two Deuces (Hardin, Lil) [master W.400973-B] -- OKeh 8641

Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet, Vocal)
Robinson, Fred (Trombone)
Strong, Jimmy (Clarinet, Tenor Saxophone)
Hines, Earl (Piano)
Carr, Mancy (Banjo)
Singleton, Zutty (Drums)

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five
June 29, 1928, Chicago, IL

Squeeze Me (Williams, Clarence; Waller, Thomas) [master W.400974-B] -- OKeh 8641

Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet, Vocal)
Robinson, Fred (Trombone)
Strong, Jimmy (Clarinet, Tenor Saxophone)
Hines, Earl (Piano, Vocal)
Carr, Mancy (Banjo, Vocal)
Singleton, Zutty (Drums)

Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five
July 5, 1928, Chicago, IL

Knee Drops (Hardin, Lil) [master W.400991-B] -- OKeh 8631

Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet, Vocal)
Robinson, Fred (Trombone)
Strong, Jimmy (Clarinet, Tenor Saxophone)
Hines, Earl (Piano, Vocal)
Carr, Mancy (Banjo, Vocal)
Singleton, Zutty (Drums)

Carroll Dickerson's Savoyagers
July 5, 1928, Chicago, IL

Symphonic Raps (Steven, B.; Abrams, I.) [master W.400992-B] -- Arg. Odeon 193329
Savoyager's Stomp (Armstrong, Louis; Hines, Earl) [master W.400993-B] -- Arg. Odeon 193329

Dickerson, Carroll (Conductor, Violin)
Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet)
Hobson, Homer (Trumpet)
Robinson, Fred (Trombone)
Curry, Bert (Alto Saxophone)
Wethington, Crawford (Alto Saxophone)
Strong, Jimmy (Clarinet, Tenor Saxophone)
Hines, Earl (Piano)
Carr, Mancy (Banjo)
Briggs, Pete (Tuba)
Singleton, Zutty (Drums)

Louis Armstrong and His Orchestra
December 4, 1928, Chicago, IL

No (Papa, No) (Spivey, Victoria) [master W.402153-A] -- OKeh 8690

Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet)
Robinson, Fred (Trombone)
Strong, Jimmy (Clarinet)
Hines, Earl (Celeste)
Carr, Mancy (Banjo)
Singleton, Zutty (Drums)

Louis Armstrong and His Orchestra
December 4, 1928, Chicago, IL

Basin Street Blues (Williams, Spencer) [master W.402154-A] -- OKeh 8690

Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet, Vocal)
Robinson, Fred (Trombone)
Strong, Jimmy (Clarinet)
Hines, Earl (Piano, Vocal)
Carr, Mancy (Banjo, Vocal)
Singleton, Zutty (Drums)

Louis Armstrong And His Savoy Ballroom Five
December 5, 1928, Chicago, IL

No One Else But You (Redman, Don) [master W.402168-B] -- OKeh 8669
Save It, Pretty Mama (Redman, Don; Davis, J.; Dennicker, P.) [master W.402170-C] -- OKeh 8657

Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet, Vocal)
Robinson, Fred (Trombone)
Strong, Jimmy (Tenor Saxophone, Clarinet)
Redman, Don (Clarinet, Alto Saxophone)
Hines, Earl (Piano)
Wilborn, Dave (Banjo, Guitar)
Singleton, Zutty (Drums)

Louis Armstrong And His Savoy Ballroom Five
December 5, 1928, Chicago, IL

Beau Koo Jack (Hill; Armstrong; Milrose) [master W.402169-C] -- OKeh 8680

Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet)
Robinson, Fred (Trombone)
Strong, Jimmy (Tenor Saxophone, Clarinet)
Redman, Don (Clarinet, Alto Saxophone)
Hines, Earl (Piano)
Wilborn, Dave (Banjo, Guitar)
Singleton, Zutty (Drums)

Louis Armstrong
December 5, 1928, Chicago, IL

Weather Bird (Armstrong, Louis) [master W.402199-A] -- OKeh 41454

Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet)
Hines, Earl (Piano)

Armstrong's first recording released under just his name

Louis Armstrong and His Orchestra
December 7, 1928, Chicago, IL

Muggles (Armstrong, Louis) [master W.402200-B] -- OKeh 8703

Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet)
Robinson, Fred (Trombone)
Strong, Jimmy (Clarinet)
Hines, Earl (Piano)
Carr, Mancy (Banjo)
Singleton, Zutty (Drums)

Lillie Delk Christian with Louis Armstrong & His Hot Four
December 11, 1928, Chicago, IL

I Can't Give You Anything But Love (Fields, Dorothy; McHugh, Jimmy) [master W.402206-A] -- OKeh 8650
Baby (Fields, Dorothy; McHugh, Jimmy) [master W.402207-A] -- OKeh 8660

Christian, Lillie Delk (Vocal)
Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet)
Noone, Jimmy (Clarinet)
Hines, Earl (Piano)
Carr, Mancy (Guitar)

See http://dippermouth.blogspot.com/2007/12/december-11-19281948.html

Lillie Delk Christian with Louis Armstrong & His Hot Four
December 12, 1928, Chicago, IL

Sweethearts On Parade (Newman; Lombardo) [master W.402208-A] -- OKeh 8650
I Must Have That Man (Fields, Dorothy; McHugh, Jimmy) [master W.402209-B] -- OKeh 8660

Christian, Lillie Delk (Vocal)
Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet)
Noone, Jimmy (Clarinet)
Hines, Earl (Piano)
Carr, Mancy (Guitar)

Louis Armstrong And His Savoy Ballroom Five
December 12, 1928, Chicago, IL

Hear Me Talkin' To Ya (Armstrong, Louis) [master W.402224-A] -- OKeh 8649
St. James' Infirmary (Primrose, J.) [master W.402225-A] -- OKeh 8657

Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet, Vocal)
Robinson, Fred (Trombone)
Strong, Jimmy (Clarinet, Tenor Saxophone)
Redman, Don (Clarinet, Alto Saxophone)
Hines, Earl (Piano)
Carr, Mancy (Banjo)
Singleton, Zutty (Drums)

Armstrong bids farewell to Chicago with this final trio of sides.

Louis Armstrong And His Savoy Ballroom Five
December 12, 1928, Chicago, IL

Tight Like This (Curl) [master W.402226-C] -- OKeh 8649

Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet, Vocal)
Robinson, Fred (Trombone)
Strong, Jimmy (Clarinet, Tenor Saxophone)
Redman, Don (Clarinet, Alto Saxophone, Spoken Introduction)
Hines, Earl (Piano, Spoke Introduction)
Carr, Mancy (Banjo)
Singleton, Zutty (Drums)

Louis Armstrong And His Orchestra
March 5, 1929, New York, NY

I'm Gonna Stomp, Mr. Henry Lee (unknown) [master W.401688-A] -- OKeh rejected
I'm Gonna Stomp, Mr. Henry Lee (unknown) [master W.401688-B] -- OKeh rejected
Knockin' A Jug (Armstrong, Louis; Condon, Eddie) [master W.401689-B] -- OKeh 8703

Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet)
Teagarden, Jack (Trombone)
Caldwell, Happy (Tenor Saxophone)
Sullivan, Joe (Piano)
Lang, Eddie (Guitar)
Marshall, Kaiser (Drums)

Louis is back in the Big Apple. Ironically, although this is Armstrong's first recorded work with Jack Teagarden, it is also the last of what are considered the classic Hot Five / Hot Seven recordings. Aside from a few isolated dates, Armstrong would not regularly record with a small group again until economics and changing tastes forced the dissolusion of his orchestra in 1947 and the formation of the "All Stars", of which Teagarden would be a founding member.

Louis Armstrong And His Savoy Ballroom Five
March 5, 1929, New York City, New York, NY

I Can't Give You Anything But Love (Fields, Dorothy; McHugh, Jimmy) [master W.401690-C] -- OKeh 8669
I Can't Give You Anything But Love (alt. Take) (McHugh, Jimmy; Fields, Dorothy) [master W.401690-C] -- OKeh 8669

Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet, Vocal)
Higginbotham, J.C. (Trombone)
Nicholas, Albert (Alto Saxophone)
Holmes, Charlie (Alto Saxophone)
Hill, Teddy (Tenor Saxophone)
Russell, Luis (Piano)
Condon, Eddie (Banjo)
Johnson, Lonnie (Guitar)
Foster, Pops (Bass)
Barbarin, Paul (Drums)

Louis Armstrong And His Savoy Ballroom Five
March 5, 1929, New York City, New York, NY

Mahogany Hall Stomp (Williams, Spencer) [master W.401691-B] -- OKeh 8680

Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet)
Higginbotham, J.C. (Trombone)
Nicholas, Albert (Alto Saxophone)
Holmes, Charlie (Alto Saxophone)
Hill, Teddy (Tenor Saxophone)
Russell, Luis (Piano)
Condon, Eddie (Banjo)
Johnson, Lonnie (Guitar)
Foster, Pops (Bass)
Barbarin, Paul (Drums)